Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2017
Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 1 - Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Nature of Business - We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing targeted therapies for safer myeloablation and conditioning of the bone marrow prior to a bone marrow transplant (“BMT”) and for the targeting and killing of cancer cells. We are currently conducting clinical trials for our three product candidates, Iomab-B, Actimab-A and Actimab-M, as well as performing research on other potential drug candidates utilizing our proprietary alpha-particle technology platform.  Our most advanced product candidate, Iomab-B, is comprised of an anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody labeled with iodine-131 (“I-131”). We are currently conducting a pivotal Phase 3 trial of Iomab-B for myeloablation and conditioning of the bone marrow prior to a bone marrow transplant for patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (“AML”) age 55 and older. A bone marrow transplant is a potentially curative treatment option for patients with AML and other blood cancers including leukemias, lymphomas and multiple myeloma as well as certain blood disorders. Upon successful completion of our Phase 3 clinical trial for Iomab-B we intend to submit for marketing approval in the U.S. and European Union. Our most advanced alpha-particle based therapy, Actimab-A, is an anti-CD33 monoclonal antibody conjugated with the alpha-particle actinium-225 (“Ac-225”).  Actimab-A is currently in a Phase 2 clinical trial for patients over the age of 60 who are newly diagnosed with AML and ineligible for standard induction chemotherapy. Actimab-M, our third product candidate, is the same anti-CD33 monoclonal antibody conjugated to Ac-225 but a different dose and dosing regimen.  Actimab-M, is being studied in a Phase 1 trial for patients with refractory multiple myeloma. We expect our alpha-particle technology platform will generate additional drug candidates that we will progress in clinical trials ourselves and or out-license. We intend to develop a number of products for numerous types of cancer and derive revenue from partnering relationships worldwide and/or direct sales of our products primarily in the United States.


We are presently conducting the SIERRA trial (Study of Iomab-B in Elderly Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia). Assuming this pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial for Iomab-B meets its primary point, it will form the basis for a Biologics Licensing Application (“BLA”) with the FDA. The Company has received guidance from the FDA as part of its IND filing that it would be acceptable to file a Biologics License Application submission that includes the single, pivotal Phase 3 SIERRA clinical study if it is successful. The population in this two-arm, randomized, controlled, multicenter trial is refractory and relapsed AML patients over the age of 55. The trial size was set at 150 patients with 75 patients per arm. The primary endpoint in the pivotal Phase 3 trial is durable complete remission, defined as a complete remission lasting at least 6 months and a secondary endpoint that will be overall survival at one year. There are currently no effective treatments approved by the FDA for AML in this patient population and there is no defined standard of care. Iomab-B has completed several physicians sponsored clinical trials examining its potential as a conditioning regimen prior to BMT in various blood cancers, including the Phase 1/2 study in relapsed and/or refractory AML patients. The results of these studies in almost 300 patients have demonstrated the potential for Iomab-B to create a new treatment paradigm for bone marrow transplants by: expanding the pool to ineligible patients who do not have any viable treatment options currently; enabling a shorter and safer preparatory interval for BMT; reducing post-transplant complications; and showing a clear survival benefit including curative potential.


We are also conducting a Phase 2 clinical trial for Actimab-A. This Phase 2 clinical trial is a multicenter, open-label study that will enroll 53 patients. Patients receive fractionated doses of Actimab-A via two injections given at approximately day 1 and day 7. The Phase 2 trial is designed to evaluate complete response rates at up to day 42 after Actimab-A administration, where complete response is defined as complete remission (“CR”), complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery (“CRp”) or complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (“CRi”). The Phase 2 trial screens patients for peripheral blast counts and patients with blasts above 200 blasts per µL receive Hydroxyurea, an oral drug, to reduce their PB counts below 200 per µL in order to improve the targeting of Actimab-A to the bone marrow. The secondary endpoint of the Phase 2 trial is overall survival. 


We are also conducting a Phase 1 clinical trial to study Actimab-M in multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells that is currently incurable. The Phase 1 trial will enroll up to 12 patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have positive CD33 expression. This Phase 1 study is designed as a dose escalation study intended to assess safety, establish maximum tolerable dose (“MTD”) and assess efficacy as evidenced by Response Rate at day 42 post treatment where response rate is defined as objective response rate, complete response rate, stringent complete response rate, very good partial response rate and partial response rate. Patients will be administered Actimab-M on day 1 at an initial dose of 0.5 µCi/kg and then assessed at day 42 for safety and efficacy. The dose can be increased to 1.5 µCi/kg or reduced to 0.25 µCi/kg based on safety assessment that will evaluate dose limiting toxicities (“DLTs”). Patients may receive up to 8 cycles of therapy but in no event will cumulative administration exceed 4.0 µCi/kg of Actimab-M.


We are also developing a technology platform that utilizes Ac-225, an alpha emitting radioisotope. Our platform technology is based on attaching the powerful alpha emitting radioisotope Ac-225 to monoclonal antibodies (“mAbs”), which are molecules capable of binding specifically to cancer cells. By virtue of carrying alpha emitters, mAbs bring Ac-225 directly to cancer cells where alpha emitters can selectively kill the targeted cell. Ac-225 emits significant energy making it potent against targeted cancer cells but this energy only travels extremely short distances limiting damage to healthy tissues. Due to the targeting of this energy by way of the mAbs bringing the alpha emitting isotopes directly to cancer cells, Actinium believes Ac-225 enabled therapies will result in potentially more effective and at the same time tolerable therapies. We have licensed and own intellectual property pertaining to our technology platform that includes the methods of treating cancer and the generation of radioimmunoconjugates. We continually develop additional intellectual property for our technology platform.


As of November 3, 2017, our patent portfolio includes: 68 issued and pending patent applications, of which 10 are issued in the United States, 15 are pending in the United States, and 53 are issued internationally and pending internationally. Additionally, several non-provisional patent applications have and are expected to be filed in 2018 based on provisional patent applications filed in 2017 and 2018. This is part of an ongoing strategy to continue to strengthen our intellectual property position. Approximately one quarter of our patents are in-licensed from third parties and the remainder are Actinium owned. These patents cover key areas of our business, including use of the Ac-225 and other alpha emitting isotopes attached to cancer specific carriers like monoclonal antibodies, methods for manufacturing key components of our product candidates including Ac-225, the alpha emitting radioisotope and carrier antibodies, and methods of use and for manufacturing finished product candidates for use in cancer treatment.


Basis of Presentation - Unaudited Interim Financial Information – The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information, and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) with respect to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements furnished reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2016 and notes thereto contained in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, as filed with the SEC on March 16, 2017.


Principles of Consolidation - The consolidated financial statements include the Company’s accounts and those of the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.


Use of Estimates in Financial Statement Presentation - The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Cash and Cash Equivalents - The Company considers all highly liquid accounts with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Balances held by the Company are typically in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insured limits. At September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, all of the Company’s cash was deposited in one bank. 


Property and Equipment - Machinery and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of three years. Furniture and fixtures are recorded at cost and depreciated on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of three years. When assets are retired or sold, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any related gain or loss is reflected in operations. Repairs and maintenance expenditures are charged to operations.


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets - Management reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be realizable or at a minimum annually during the fourth quarter of the year. If an evaluation is required, the estimated future undiscounted cash flows associated with the asset are compared to the asset’s carrying value to determine if an impairment of such asset is necessary. The effect of any impairment would be to expense the difference between the fair value of such asset and its carrying value. 


Fair Value of Financial Instruments - Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset, or paid to transfer a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants. A fair value hierarchy has been established for valuation inputs that gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The fair value hierarchy is as follows:


Level 1 Inputs - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.


Level 2 Inputs - Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These might include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (such as interest rates, volatilities, prepayment speeds, credit risks, etc.) or inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by market data by correlation or other means.


Level 3 Inputs - Unobservable inputs for determining the fair values of assets or liabilities that reflect an entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the assets or liabilities.


The following tables set forth assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. As required by ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.


    Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
Derivative liabilities:                        
At September 30, 2017   $ -     $ -     $ 54,325     $ 54,325  
At December 31, 2016   $ -     $ -     $ 300,683     $ 300,683  


Income Taxes - The Company uses the asset and liability method in accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and income tax carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company reviews deferred tax assets for a valuation allowance based upon whether it is more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will be fully realized. A valuation allowance, if necessary, is provided against deferred tax assets, based upon management’s assessment as to their realization.


Research and Development Costs - Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development reimbursements and grants are recorded by the Company as a reduction of research and development costs. 


Share-Based Payments - The Company estimates the fair value of each stock option award at the grant date by using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value determined represents the cost for the award and is recognized over the vesting period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. As share-based compensation expense is recognized based on awards ultimately expected to vest, the Company reduces the expense for estimated forfeitures based on historical forfeiture rates. Previously recognized compensation costs may be adjusted to reflect the actual forfeiture rate for the entire award at the end of the vesting period. Excess tax benefits, if any, are recognized as an addition to paid-in capital. 


Net Loss Per Common Share - Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s potentially dilutive shares, which include outstanding common stock options and warrants have not been included in the computation of diluted net loss per share as the result would have been anti-dilutive.


    September 30, 
    September 30,
Options     6,156,361       5,903,371  
Warrants     27,220,388       8,879,752  
Total     33,376,749       14,783,123  


Subsequent Events - The Company’s management reviewed all material events through the date of the consolidated financial statements were issued for subsequent event disclosure consideration.


Recent Accounting Pronouncements – In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 “Leases” (Topic 842), which creates new accounting and reporting guidelines for leasing arrangements. The new guidance requires organizations that lease assets to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet related to the rights and obligations created by those leases, regardless of whether they are classified as finance or operating leases. Consistent with current guidance, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. The guidance also requires new disclosures to help financial statement users better understand the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early application permitted. The new standard is to be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new pronouncement on its financial statements.


Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, when adopted, will have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.